One of my hobbies throughout college, and one that had also supplemented my student income, was music. I had played around local folk clubs, both solo and in various bands and found that people from the Manchester advertising community were very well represented in that particular community. I approached a few people, asking which were the leading companies and who should I speak to. There were three names that kept coming up: Bowden, Dyble and Hayes, Osborne Peacock (where the flamboyant Peter Marsh began his career in 1957) and Cross-Courteney – as I knew a handful of people at the latter, it was here that I applied for some work experience.
It was not quite the glamorous world I expected. The studio was a large ‘L’-shaped that was practically an ad production line. Visuals or ‘scamps’ were produced to show clients how their ads would appear and these, once approved, together with the typewritten copy, we passed to the studio manager whose desk was at the top of the ‘L’. These were then passed down to the ‘finished artists’, incredibly neat people who would create the visual elements, borders and illustrations, drawing them in crisp black ink on white board. As I had indicated my interest in typography, I was placed under the watchful eye of the typographer, or ‘typo’. We were near the end of the process so occupied the foot of the ‘L’. Our job was a mixture of aesthetics, technical knowledge and arithmetic. The text or ‘copy’ for the ads was supplied in typewritten form. We had to specify the font, type size and leading (inter-line spacing) to fit the copy into the space available to it in as attractive and readable manner as possible. This required ‘casting off’ the copy – first counting the number of characters, then using a cast off table for the specific font to calculate the number of lines of type it would make in various sizes. Once the type had been specified it was sent off to a typesetting house who would set the text in type, ink it up and supply what was known as a repro proof, a high quality print which then came back into the production line. The typos then read and checked the copy for literals.
The repro went back to the paste-up artists. These skilled people assembled the ad by pasting the text into the artwork created by the finished artists, together with any photographs, logos or other elements. Finally, back came the complete artwork to us at the typo’s desk to check, then we opened a hatch in the wall and passed it through into the production department who sent it off either for blocks to be made or sent direct to the publication.
Time after time, ad after ad passed through the ‘L’. I looked at the people seated at the rows of tables and drawing boards. Many were design graduates from my college, now grinding out ads as they had already done for a number years, with the prospect of doing something similar into the foreseeable future. I watched Bob, the studio manager – in his early fifties, he habitually wore a white duster coat making him look like a balding butcher. If this was the career progression, I was fast coming to the conclusion it was not for me.